The Data Seal of Approval board hereby confirms that the Trusted Digital repository CINES : Long-term Preservation Platform (PAC) complies with the guidelines version 1 of 2010 set by the Data Seal of Approval Board.
The afore-mentioned repository has therefore acquired the Data Seal of Approval of 2010 on March 15, 2011.
The Trusted Digital repository is allowed to place an image of the Data Seal of Approval logo corresponding to the guidelines version date on their website. This image must link to this file which is hosted on the Data Seal of Approval website.
The Data Seal of Approval Board
|Guidelines Version:||1 | June 1, 2010|
|Guidelines Information Booklet:||DSA-booklet_1_June2010.pdf|
|All Guidelines Documentation:||Documentation|
|Repository:||CINES : Long-term Preservation Platform (PAC)|
|Seal Acquiry Date:||Mar. 15, 2011|
|For the latest version of the awarded DSA |
for this repository please visit our website:
|Previously Acquired Seals:||None|
|This repository is owned by:||
The repository doesn’t deal with data producer directly, but contracts with entities (government institutions, university libraries, etc.) responsible for gathering and/or digitizing data for which quality has already been validated (e.g. PhD theses, publications, etc).
Before the submission, the repository assists the data producer in selecting the appropriate information which will be used as metadata; the repository also validates the quality of the data to be preserved as only scientific and technical data are eligible for preservation.
At the time of submission, metadata and data are validated against defined criteria: compliance to a generic structure of submission information package (SIP), validation of file formats, etc.
Functional and technical documentation is available at the repository (https://alfresco.cines.fr/alfresco/d/a/workspace/SpacesStore/6f5c38da-69e5-4d67-8f9c-ecd72d094534/PAC%20-%20Sp%c3%a9cifications%20Fonctionnelles.pdf and https://alfresco.cines.fr/alfresco/d/a/workspace/SpacesStore/3005eac0-dfbd-4d71-b936-39b28daf0e8e/PAC%20-%20Sp%c3%a9cifications%20Techniques.pdf) to provide assistance to the data producer during the different steps of the submission (building of the information package, transfer, control, etc.)
A limited set of file formats has been selected by the repository to ensure full characterization of the files provided by the data producer and allow future format migrations. An online tool is also available for the repository to check the correctness of the files to archive (see FACILE).
Only data in preferred formats is accepted on the data repository, but new data formats can be added to the list of preferred file formats pending validation by an internal committee of experts.
More information :
A generic structure of submission information package (SIP) has been put together and combines data along with metadata to be preserved. Any transfer must comply with this structure, otherwise it is rejected. The XML schema for the SIP is available here: http://www.cines.fr/pac/sip.xsd
Data format required by the repository is based on a list of preferred formats (see guideline 2).
Metadata format required by the repository is based on DCMI standard.
The repository has two main activities – as defined by the mandate given by the French ministry of higher education & research: high performance computing and long-term preservation of electronic documents.
A law published on August 7th, 2006 also reinforces the mission of the repository, stating that it is the official preservation centre for electronic PhD theses.
The repository promotes its activities in the domain of the preservation of digital documents through various working groups and seminars.
In December 2010, PAC has been given consent by the French National Archives to preserve digital material.
The repository is under the trusteeship of the French ministry of higher education and research. It is legally the official preservation centre for electronic PhD theses.
Any data producer who deposits on the repository is under contract. Roles and responsibilities of the parties involved (data producer, repository, data users) are defined in this contract (see https://alfresco.cines.fr/alfresco/d/a/workspace/SpacesStore/7d425705-7f63-462e-9938-060b62134019/Convention_Archivage_CINES_V9.pdf).
The repository conditions of use – i.e. criteria for eligibility of preservation projects – are published on the repository website, the interface specifications are also available online.
Recurrent reviews are scheduled with data producers to ensure the repository conditions are complied with.
A full time archivist also ensures that the repository processes and systems comply with national and international laws.
See also: http://www.cines.fr/spip.php?rubrique219
A document – “Politique d’archivage du CINES” – summarizes the repository strategy and objectives in terms of preservation. This is the basis for the risks analysis. A risk management plan has been put in place to ensure that events which could impact the repository preservation strategy are identified and managed.
There are also documented processes and procedures in place to ensure quality management for the storage of data: authentication of users through LDAP catalog, multiple on-line copies, tape backups, file integrity checks using hashing algorithms, disaster recovery plan. Online monitoring tools (Nagios, Cacti) have been put in place to check application and storage availability.
An initiative is being envisioned to replicate data in the BnF (French national library)
Risk management plan: https://alfresco.cines.fr/alfresco/d/a/workspace/SpacesStore/bd7147e7-a328-4a8f-be13-bbbcf8b11575/PAC_Plan_Gestion_Risques_v6.pdf
The “Politique d’archivage du CINES” document, which summarizes the preservation strategy of the repository can be accessed here : https://alfresco.cines.fr/alfresco/d/d/workspace/SpacesStore/2422e254-ff26-4ffa-a7b7-c37498987343/CINES-DAD-PA.pdf
A risk management plan has been put in place to identify and mitigate risks which could impact the ability of the repository to guarantee durable archiving.
A preservation plan is also being put in place to document technology watch, evaluate obsolete and emerging file formats, define physical & logical migrations procedures, etc.
The business processes for file format technical watching (obsolescence, etc) and file format migration are available here :
Any data transferred has to comply with the following criterions: the SIP is well-formed and sticks to the structure defined by the repository; all files provided are compliant with the specifications of their format.
All workflows, selection process and document lifecycle are documented in the functional specifications of the repository (see https://alfresco.cines.fr/alfresco/d/d/workspace/SpacesStore/6f5c38da-69e5-4d67-8f9c-ecd72d094534/PAC%20-%20Sp%c3%a9cifications%20Fonctionnelles.pdf p17-19).
Decision making processes have been documented for the file format expertise and watching, as well as for file format conversion, data access, etc. (see https://alfresco.cines.fr/alfresco/d/d/workspace/SpacesStore/8353d8d2-0757-4a26-99cc-1eb2a2b4f500/PAC_Access_Process_Flow.pdf for an example for the access process).
See also http://www.cines.fr/spip.php?rubrique244&lang=en for a description of the transfer process between the data producer and the data repository
Any data producer who deposits on the repository has a contractual agreement signed with the repository, in which roles and responsibilities of the parties involved (data producer, repository) as well as the data user community are defined. This agreement includes the nomination of an executive board in charge of periodic reviews & reports. A sample of the contract can be found here: https://alfresco.cines.fr/alfresco/d/a/workspace/SpacesStore/7d425705-7f63-462e-9938-060b62134019/Convention_Archivage_CINES_V9.pdf
To date, the only data users accessing the data repository are the data producers themselves – making the repository a dark archive.
The data repository provides access tools (search engine, etc) to browse the catalog of archived data and request copies of data sets.
The data provided is either the original version or the latest version of the archived documents (in the event migrations have occurred).
A search engine allows data users to find data by querying against the 50 metadata qualifying a document (see screenshots at https://alfresco.cines.fr/alfresco/d/d/workspace/SpacesStore/49335285-e633-45b0-80f6-7e4ba896dbd3/PAC_webtool_screenshot.pdf).
Each data set has a unique identifier based on ARK so that it can be referenced in other publications or web pages.
The repository stores the electronic signature (SHA-256) of any data stored, and periodically checks that this signature remains the same. This applies to the files containing the metadata as well.
The ingest process also allows the data producer to provide an electronic signature (MD5, SHA-256) for each documents transferred on the repository. The repository will compute a new checksum with the same algorithm and compare it to the initial one to detect potential corruption during the transfer.
Availability is monitored using supervision tools (Nagios, Cacti).
The set of metadata defined to qualify documents includes version numbers to allow multiple versions of the data.
Authenticity and integrity policies are described in the contract between the data producer and the repository.
When migrating data to an emerging format, links to the previous versions are maintained. Any operation on the data (metadata updates, migration, access, etc.) is logged. All repository logs are self-archived in the repository.
Versioning of data is permitted using metadata and unique identifiers provided by the repository, as well as relations between datasets. Relations are controlled after the submission to ensure the referred dataset does exist.
The technical infrastructure complies with the OAIS model – it is made of three logical servers (ingest, storage, access) on which the different functional entities are deployed.
See also: http://www.cines.fr/spip.php?rubrique244
The repository access module can be accessed from the following link : http://pac.cines.fr:9000/webarcsys/001-frmIdent.jspa
Thought, there are security restrictions based on the IP address; in order to get access to the link above, auditors should contact the repository administrator.
Screenshots of the access module can be accessed here :
At present, the data producers have their own platform to allow access to the information to users. Thus, the access module on the repository is only used by the data producers to get the archived copy of their data document should they loose the one they had on their own platform – the repository is considered a dark archive.
In any case, the contract between the data producers and the data repository defines the community and the rules to deposit and access data. The access module will conform to this agreement.
All data consumers are authenticated when accessing the repository catalog and have accepted the policy of data use as a prerequisite to get an account to browse it.
At present, the data producers have their own platform to allow access to the information to users. Thus, the access module on the CINES repository is only used by the data producers to get the archived copy of their data document should they loose the one they had.